4.9K FourFourtwo – Religious Science Affirmations in the Modern World article A. The Christian Science Affirmation (CSAs) has been the dominant paradigm in American science education for over 100 years.
But in recent decades, several new forms of faith-based science have emerged, including the Humanist, Spiritualist, and Skeptical Science movements.
Some of these have also attracted new adherents and new critics.
We look at how the CSAs have been used and misunderstood in modern scientific discussions.
The Humanist Affirmation is a religious science belief that God created humans and humans are uniquely unique individuals, free to make choices.
Some Christian Science textbooks use it as the basis for a scientific approach to understanding the human condition, but it is also used by some secular scientists to reject science as “religion.”
Although the Humanism Affirmation has had a strong presence in the sciences, many of its tenets are incompatible with science, such as the claim that all humans are equal.
The CSAs claims about human equality and human uniqueness are incompatible in the context of science because they depend on the notion of divine creation, not on scientific observation.
The Spiritualist Affirmance is a spiritual belief that the human mind is created by the spirit of God.
Some CSAs teach that the soul of Jesus is the result of an inter-dimensional portal through which He is “spiritually incarnated.”
Some CSIs teach that souls do not exist.
The Spirit of God is a belief system that has no basis in scientific observation, which means it is not compatible with science.
Although it has become popular among young people, it is a false religion, and many CSAs are still taught in private religious schools.
The Skeptics Affirmation, sometimes called the “Science Consensus” (CSC), is a philosophy of scientific inquiry that is based on a number of the same religious principles that make up the Humanists Affirmation.
It is often described as the “scientific counterpoint” to the Christian Science paradigm.
In contrast, the Skepticism Affirmment is a philosophical position that is not based on any scientific observations, but instead relies on a strong sense of skepticism and skepticism about the nature of reality.
This approach has drawn criticism from secular scientists who assert that it has no foundation in science.
We discuss why science and skepticism have been the target of such fierce controversy in this article.
CUTTING THE BLOCK A. How the Science Consensus got started.
The Science Consen- trative began in a letter from the influential theologian William Lane Craig, who had just received his Ph.
D. from Oxford University in 1952.
Craig had just finished a book called The Evolution of Man.
He wrote a letter to the editor of the New York Times about his experience in teaching evolution at a junior college, where he had been called a “heretic.”
This incident had made him a target for a controversy in his own field.
In an editorial titled “Why do Christians Believe in Evolution?” the Times wrote: “In the United States, the majority of the population has no idea that Darwin was wrong, and that he never said anything that could be considered heresy, but the more that can be explained by his own words, the more clearly it appears that he is right.”
Craig concluded: “The Christian Science community has never been an especially receptive audience for the ideas of evolution, but that has not prevented them from producing a large body of scientific work that has been accepted by the scientific community as being of sufficient scientific value to warrant the recognition of evolution as a scientific theory.”
Craig’s letter has become the basis of the Science Conferences of America, which are organized to present and discuss the work of scientists.
BECAUSE OF THE RESEARCH OF CLARK AND THE SCIENTISTS, SCIENCE IS LOST A. In the 1990s, a number Christian Science authors, including William Lane Davis, Thomas Metzger, and Richard Dawkins, began to criticize the CSB.
They claimed that the CSBs reliance on science to inform policy was misleading.
The authors suggested that science should be used to inform “intellectual progress,” rather than to inform religion.
For example, they argued that a new theory about the origins of the universe was based on scientific data that had been collected by physicists who were convinced that their data indicated that the universe had been created by an invisible, supernatural force.
Science, they said, could be used as a tool for scientific progress.
This idea gained popularity with Christian Scientists who wrote articles that attacked the CSs attempts to promote religion and scientific progress, arguing that the scientists were not just doing a disservice to the public but were also undermining the public faith in science itself.
CABALISM AND BUDGET The CSBs attempts to use science to advance their political goals have been criticized by scientists as an attempt to circumvent the Constitution by using science to support policies. But